Stephenson, S.; et al. (2018): Climatic Responses to Future Trans-Arctic Shipping
Stephenson, S.; Wang, W.; Zender, C.; Wang, H.; Davis, S.; Rasch, P. (2018): Climatic Responses to Future Trans-Arctic Shipping. In: Geophys. Res. Lett. 75 (2), S. 300. DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078969.
"Here we investigate impacts of shipping emissions on Arctic climate using a fully coupled Earth system model (CESM 1.2.2) and a suite of newly developed projections of 21st‐century trans‐Arctic shipping emissions. We find that trans‐Arctic shipping will reduce Arctic warming by nearly 1 °C by 2099, due to sulfate‐driven liquid water cloud formation. Cloud fraction and liquid water path exhibit significant positive trends, cooling the lower atmosphere and surface."