Pan, YiWen; et al. (2019): A sea trial of air-lift concept artificial upwelling in the East China Sea
Pan, YiWen; Li, Yifan; Fan, Wei; Zhang, DaHai; Qiang, Yongfa; Jiang, ZongPei; Chen, Ying (2019): A sea trial of air-lift concept artificial upwelling in the East China Sea. In Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0238.1.
"Artificial upwelling (AU), as one of the geoengineering tools, has received worldwide attention because of its potential ability to actualize ocean fertilization in a sustainable way. The severe challenges of AU are the design and fabrication of a technologically robust device with structural longevity which can maintain the function in a variable and complex hydrodynamics of the upper ocean. In this work, a sea-trial of an air-lift concept AU system driven by self-powered energy was carried out in the East China Sea (ECS) (30°8′14″N, 122°44′59″E) to assess the logistics of at-sea deployment and the durability of the equipment under extremely complex hydrodynamic condition from Sep 3rd to 7th, 2014."