Matthews, M.; et al. (2016): Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication
Matthews, M.; Pomel, F.; Wender, C.; Kiselev, A.; Duft, D.; Kasparian, J. et al. (2016): Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication. In Science Advances 2 (5), e1501912-e1501912. DOI 10.1126/sciadv.1501912.
"We investigate the interaction of ultrashort laser filaments with individual 90-μm ice particles, representative of cirrus particles. The ice particles fragment under laser illumination. By monitoring the evolution of the corresponding ice/vapor system at up to 140,000 frames per second over 30 ms, we conclude that a shockwave vaporization supersaturates the neighboring region relative to ice, allowing the nucleation and growth of new ice particles, supported by laser-induced plasma photochemistry."