Hofmann, M.; et al. (2019): Strong Time Dependence of Ocean Acidification Mitigation by Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Removal
Hofmann, M., S. Mathesius, E. Kriegler, D. P. van Vuuren, and H. J. Schellnhuber (2019): Strong Time Dependence of Ocean Acidification Mitigation by Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Removal. Nature Communications 10 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13586-4.
"Here, we show that stringent mitigation strategies consistent with the 1.5 ∘∘C scenario could, indeed, provoke a critical difference for the ocean’s carbon cycle and calcium carbonate saturation states. Favorable conditions for calcifying organisms like tropical corals and polar pteropods, both of major importance for large ecosystems, can only be maintained if CO2 emissions fall rapidly between 2025 and 2050, potentially requiring an early deployment of CO2 removal techniques in addition to drastic emissions reduction."