DeMott, Paul J.; et al. (2015): Sea spray aerosol as a unique source of ice nucleating particles
DeMott, Paul J.; Hill, Thomas C. J.; McCluskey, Christina S.; Prather, Kimberly A.; Collins, Douglas B.; Sullivan, Ryan C. et al. (2015): Sea spray aerosol as a unique source of ice nucleating particles. In PNAS. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1514034112.
"Ice nucleating particles (INPs) are vital for ice initiation in, and precipitation from, mixed-phase clouds. A source of INPs from oceans within sea spray aerosol (SSA) emissions has been suggested in previous studies but remained unconfirmed. Here, we show that INPs are emitted using real wave breaking in a laboratory flume to produce SSA."