11.01.2017

# Political Papers

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U.S. Global Change Research Program (2017): National Global Change Research Plan 2012–2021

U.S. Global Change Research Program (2017): National Global Change Research Plan 2012–2021: A Triennial Update. Washington, D.C.

Mentiones CE at page 37. "While climate intervention cannot substitute for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the changes in climate that occur, some types of deliberative climate intervention may someday be one of a portfolio of tools used in managing climate change."

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09.01.2017

# Media

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Science: U.S. should pursue controversial geoengineering research, federal scientists say for first time

"The U.S. government office that oversees federally funded climate research has recommended studies into two areas of geoengineering research, marking the first time scientists in the executive branch have formally called for studies in the controversial field. The move, part of a climate science planning report sent today to Congress, will likely further normalize discussion of deliberate tinkering with the atmosphere to cool the planet, and of directly collecting carbon from the sky, both topics once verboten in the climate science community. Yet the new endorsement of geoengineering research comes amid deep uncertainty about the direction that climate research will take under the new administration of President-elect Donald Trump."

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04.01.2017

# New Publications

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Low, Sean (2016): The Futures of Climate Engineering

Low, Sean (2016): The Futures of Climate Engineering. In: Earth's Future. DOI: 10.1002/2016EF000442 .

"Potentially valuable branches of work to come might be the anticipatory use of the future: the design of experimental spaces for exploring the future of an engineered climate in service of responsible research and innovation, and the integration of this work within the unfolding context of the Paris Agreement."

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02.01.2017

# Media

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Business Recorder: 'More research needed in Solar Radiation Management,' says Andy Parker, SRMGI

"Andy Parker is a research fellow at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies and the project director for the SRM Governance Initiative (SRMGI). He has a background in climate policy and has worked on solar geo-engineering for over eight years, including as a research fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School and a senior policy adviser at the Royal Society. He was also a member of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity's expert working group on geoengineering."

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02.01.2017

# New Publications

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Oschlies, Andreas; Klepper, Gernot (2017): Research for assessment, not deployment of Climate Engineering. The German Research Foundation's Priority Program SPP 1689

Oschlies, Andreas; Klepper, Gernot (2017): Research for assessment, not deployment of Climate Engineering. The German Research Foundation's Priority Program SPP 1689. In: Earth's Future. DOI: 10.1002/2016EF000446.

"The historical developments are reviewed that have led from a bottom-up responsibility initiative of concerned scientists to the emergence of a nationwide interdisciplinary Priority Program on the assessment of Climate Engineering (CE), funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). Given the perceived lack of comprehensive and comparative appraisals of different CE methods, the Priority Program was designed to encompass both solar radiation management (SRM) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) ideas, and to cover the atmospheric, terrestrial and oceanic realm."

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05.12.2016

# New Publications

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Heyen, Daniel (2016): Strategic Conflicts on the Horizon. R&D Incentives for Environmental Technologies

Heyen, Daniel (2016): Strategic Conflicts on the Horizon. R&D Incentives for Environmental Technologies. In Clim. Change Econ. 07 (04), p. 1650013–1650013. DOI 10.1142/S2010007816500135.

"This paper focuses on a specific mechanism for strategic distortions in this R&D game. In this mechanism, the outlook of future conflicts surrounding technology deployment directly impacts on the willingness to undertake R&D. Apart from free-riding, a different deployment conflict with distortive effects on innovation can occur. Low deployment costs and heterogeneous preferences might give rise to ‘free-driving’ (Weitzman, ML (2015). A voting architecture for the governance of free-driver externalities, with application to geoengineering. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 117(4), 1049–1068): The country with the highest preference for technology deployment, the free driver, may dominate the deployment outcome to the detriment of others."

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17.11.2016

# New Publications

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Robock, Alan (2016): Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections. More Research Needed

Robock, Alan (2016): Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections. More Research Needed. In Earth's Future. DOI 10.1002/2016EF000407.

"More research is needed to better quantify the potential benefits and risks so that if society is tempted to implement geoengineering in the future it will be able to make an informed decision."

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04.11.2016

# New Publications

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Keith, David W.; Irvine, Peter J. (2016): Solar geoengineering could substantially reduce climate risks—a research hypothesis for the next decade

Keith, David W.; Irvine, Peter J. (2016): Solar geoengineering could substantially reduce climate risks—a research hypothesis for the next decade. In Earth’s Future, n/a‐n/a. DOI 10.1002/2016EF000465.

"We offer a hypothesis that if SG were deployed to offset half of the increase in global-mean temperature from the date of deployment using a technology and deployment method chosen to approximate a reduction in the solar constant then, over the 21st Century, it would (a) substantially reduce the global aggregate risks of climate change, (b) without making any country worse off, and (c) with the aggregate risks from side-effects being small in comparison to the reduction in climate risks."

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27.10.2016

# New Publications

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MacMartin, Douglas G.; et al. (2016): Geoengineering with stratospheric aerosols. What don't we know after a decade of research?

MacMartin, Douglas G.; Kravitz, Ben; Long, Jane C. S.; Rasch, Philip J. (2016): Geoengineering with stratospheric aerosols. What don't we know after a decade of research? In Earth's Future. DOI 10.1002/2016EF000418.

"We articulate key unknowns associated with SAG, including both climate-science and design questions, as an essential step towards developing a future strategic research program that could address outstanding uncertainties."

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10.08.2016

# Media

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FCEA Blog: The international human right to science and its application to geoengineering research and innovation

"However, there are conceptual limits to the application of environmental law for governing upstream R&D, as environmental obligations primarily aim at preventing or minimizing actual physical harm to the environment. Precautionary risk assessment and management are examples of governance tools for asserting greater control over research and innovation processes. However, although environmental law is increasingly informed by a broader framework of sustainable development that draws upon a range of legal subject areas, an environmental framing does not directly target the social and ethical concerns that dominate the early stages of science and the development of emerging technologies."

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