02.12.2019

# Political Papers

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CIGI Special Report: Governance of Marine Geoengineering

"Marine geoengineering proposals show significant diversity in terms of their purpose, scale of application, likely effectiveness, requisite levels of international cooperation and intensity of environmental risks. This diversity of marine geoengineering activities will likely place significant new demands upon the international law system to govern potential risks and opportunities."

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11.11.2019

# New Publications

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Gambardella, S. (2019): The Stormy Emergence of Geoengineering in the International Law of the Sea

Gambardella, S. 2019. “The Stormy Emergence of Geoengineering in the International Law of the Sea.” Carbon & Climate Law Review 13 (2): 122–29. https://doi.org/10.21552/cclr/2019/2/7.

‌"This study aims to look at the role that international environmental law could or should play in the development of geoengineering. The discussions that have taken place on geoengineering in international fora are rich in lessons about these rights themselves and with regard to their effectiveness and efficiency. Thus, questions of ‘good governance’ emerge. It is therefore a question of presenting the various possibilities offered by international law to frame - even forbid - these new practices."

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04.11.2019

# Political Papers

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Fiekowsky, Peter; et al. (2019): Climate Restoration: Solutions to the Greatest Threat Facing Humanity and Nature Today. The Foundation for Climate Restoration, September 2019. White Paper.

Fiekowsky, Peter; Douglis, Carole; Lee, Susan (2019): Climate Restoration: Solutions to the Greatest Threat Facing Humanity and Nature Today. The Foundation for Climate Restoration, September 2019. White Paper. Available online at https://foundationforclimaterestoration.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/20190916b_f4cr4_white-paper.pdf.

"The purpose of this paper is to show that we do not in fact need to leave dangerous, unprecedented conditions to our progeny. We have the technology and the financing, now, to reclaim the climate of over a century ago. What we need is the commitment to do so."

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12.06.2019

# Media

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Nature: Should we fertilize oceans or seed clouds? No one knows

"Gather scientific evidence on the feasibility and risks of marine geoengineering to guide regulation of research, advise Philip Boyd and Chris Vivian."

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01.06.2019

# Media

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Vox: The climate renegade. What happens when someone wants to go it alone on fixing the climate?

"Enter an eccentric San Francisco-based entrepreneur named Russ George. He had spent much of his career bouncing between ambitious environmental projects: cold fusion, reforestation, and, most recently at the time, a startup called Planktos, which focused on something called 'ocean restoration.'"

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29.04.2019

# Media

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MIT Technology Review: The desperate race to cool the ocean before it’s too late

"Instead the researchers homed in on the idea of marine cloud brightening—a form of solar geoengineering, in that it increases the planet’s reflectivity. Spraying tiny salt particles from seawater up into the low layer of clouds that blankets much of the ocean’s surface would form cloud micro-droplets."

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01.04.2019

# Media

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IMO: Precautionary approach over marine geoengineering solutions for climate change

"Adding iron or other nutrients into the oceans to enhance natural processes to draw carbon from the atmosphere and creating foams which float on the surface of the sea to reflect sunlight back into the atmosphere are among a wide range of geoengineering practices which have been put forward as potential tools for countering climate change. But, in a new report, marine and social scientists are urging a precautionary approach towards these techniques which involve deliberate large-scale manipulation of the environment."

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24.12.2018

# New Publications

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Beckman, R.; et al. (2018): High seas governance. Gaps and challenges

Beckman, R.; McCreath, M.; Roach, A. (Hg.) (2018): High seas governance. Gaps and challenges. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff (Publications on ocean development, 86). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004373303_004

"This chapter examines the legal framework for marine geoengineering, analysing the extent to which the modern law of the sea has responded to the gaps and challenges in the current regulatory framework. It will focus on adapting existing environmental and other principles within the framework of unclos to geoengineering, before examining the recent initiative under the 1996 London Protocol to develop a designated regime to regulate ocean fertilisation."

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22.10.2018

# Political Papers

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Deutscher Bundestag (German Parliament): Rules for Marine Geoengineering (German)

German press release on marine geoengineering

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30.09.2018

# Political Papers

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German Bundestag: Changed London Protocol (German)

German article on CE.

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