08.09.2021

# Political Papers

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Romany M. Webb, et al. (2021): Removing Carbon Dioxide Through Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement and Seaweed Cultivation. Legal Challenges and Opportunities. Columbia Law School: Sabin Centre for Climate Change Law

Romany M. Webb, Korey Silverman-Roati (2021): Removing Carbon Dioxide Through Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement and Seaweed Cultivation. Legal Challenges and Opportunities. Columbia Law School: Sabin Centre for Climate Change Law. New York. Available online at https://climate.law.columbia.edu/sites/default/files/content/Webb%20et%20al%20-%20Removing%20CO2%20Through%20Ocean%20Alkalinity%20Enhancement%.

"This paper explores two ocean-based carbon dioxide removal strategies—ocean alkalinity enhancement and seaweed cultivation. Ocean alkalinity enhancement involves adding alkalinity to ocean waters, either by discharging alkaline rocks or through an electrochemical process, which increases ocean pH levels and thereby enables greater uptake of carbon dioxide, as well as reducing the adverse impacts of ocean acidification. Seaweed cultivation involves the growing of kelp and other macroalgae to store carbon in biomass, which can then either be used to replace more greenhouse gas-intensive products or sequestered. This paper examines the international and U.S. legal frameworks that apply to ocean alkalinity enhancement and seaweed cultivation. Depending on where they occur, such activities may be subject to international, national, state, and/or local jurisdiction."

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24.06.2021

# New Publications

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Reynolds, Jesse L. (2021): Solar Geoengineering Could Be Consistent with International Law

Reynolds, Jesse L. (2021): Solar Geoengineering Could Be Consistent with International Law. In Benoit Mayer, Alexander Zahar (Eds.): Debating Climate Law. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, pp. 257–273.

"This chapter debates the consistency of the deployment of Solar Radiation Management (SRM) with international law."

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10.06.2021

# New Publications

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Corbett, Charles (2020): Chemtrails and Solar Geoengineers: Governing Online Conspiracy Theory Misinformation

Corbett, Charles (2020): Chemtrails and Solar Geoengineers: Governing Online Conspiracy Theory Misinformation. In Missouri Law Review 85 (3). Available online at https://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/mlr/vol85/iss3/5.

"This Article assesses legal obstacles to regulating chemtrail misinformation and proposes responses that work within prevailing norms and laws governing online speech."

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31.05.2021

# New Publications

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Wilson, Brooke (2021): Past the Tipping Point, but With Hope of Return: How Creating a Geoengineering Compulsory Licensing Scheme Can Incentivize Innovation

Wilson, Brooke (2021): Past the Tipping Point, but With Hope of Return: How Creating a Geoengineering Compulsory Licensing Scheme Can Incentivize Innovation. In Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice 27 (2), p. 791. Available online at https://scholarlycommons.law.wlu.edu/crsj/vol27/iss2/13.

"This Note explores the patenting of geoengineering technologies and issues arising from the early stages of this high-risk, high-reward technology. This Note focuses on one possible solution to solving the issues surrounding the patenting of geoengineering technology: Creating a specialized compulsory licensing scheme."

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31.05.2021

# Political Papers

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Grisé, Michelle; et al. (2021): Climate Control: International Legal Mechanisms for Managing the Geopolitical Risks of Geoengineering

Grisé, Michelle; Yonekura, Emmi; Blake, Jonathan S.; Desmet, David; Garg, Anusree; Preston, Benjamin Lee (2021): Climate Control: International Legal Mechanisms for Managing the Geopolitical Risks of Geoengineering. RAND Corporation.

"In this Perspective, the authors review the state of different geoengineering technologies, highlighting differences in technological development stage, price, time scales, and potential secondary effects. They discuss the geopolitical risks that may be introduced by geoengineering implementation. Given the many serious risks that geoengineering poses, they conclude by examining whether existing international governance mechanisms manage the geopolitical risks associated with geoengineering."

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26.04.2021

# New Publications

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Corbett, Charles R. (2021): The Climate Emergency and Solar Geoengineering

Corbett, Charles R. (2021): The Climate Emergency and Solar Geoengineering. Harvard Environmental Law Review, Forthcoming.

"This Article examines the climate emergency and solar geoengineering—proposals to intentionally alter Earth’s reflectivity to cool the planet."

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18.03.2021

# Political Papers

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Webb, Romany M. (2021): The Law of Enhanced Weathering for Carbon Dioxide Removal. Volume 2 – Legal Issues Associated with Materials Sourcing

Webb, Romany M. (2021): The Law of Enhanced Weathering for Carbon Dioxide Removal. Volume 2 – Legal Issues Associated with Materials Sourcing. Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School. New York, NY.

"This paper examines key U.S. federal and state laws governing the mining and processing of silicate-rich minerals and rocks and the sourcing of silicate-based wastes for use in enhanced weathering."

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15.03.2021

# New Publications

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Corbett, Charles R. (2021): “Extraordinary” and “Highly Controversial”: Federal Research of Solar Geoengineering Under NEPA

Corbett, Charles R. (2021): “Extraordinary” and “Highly Controversial”: Federal Research of Solar Geoengineering Under NEPA. In Nw. U. L. Rev. Online 115 (240). Available online at https://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1307&context=nulr_online&fbclid=IwAR0kQGReczRbpsuRrn1WgZnh5QI2QwEsULw5irDYt1fBz-cCKoN6vtMY-as.

"Congress recently instructed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to investigate stratospheric aerosols, materials that could be injected in the atmosphere as a means of solar climate intervention. This action has been widely interpreted as the first-ever federal research project into solar geoengineering—proposals to slightly “dim the sun” to limit the harms of climate change. This Essay argues that NOAA should use its discretion to conduct a programmatic environmental assessment under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) as an initial step in governing this research program."

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08.03.2021

# Media

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China Dialogue: Tracking the laws of carbon dioxide removal

"A new database of legal materials can help this form of climate engineering fit within just systems of addressing climate change, explains Robert Habermann."

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26.02.2021

# New Publications

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Scott, Karen N. (2021): Not an Intractable Challenge

Scott, Karen N. (2021): Not an Intractable Challenge. In Myron H. Nordquist, John Norton Moore (Eds.): Marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV (Center for oceans law and policy, volume 24), pp. 189–210.

"This chapter explores one such activity, geoengineering scientific research, and examines the recent and emerging regime at both the international and the regional levels designed to regulate this controversial use of the ocean commons."

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