17.09.2021

# Media

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Upstream: Norway opens up two new offshore areas for carbon capture and storage

"The Norwegian government has released two new areas for the potential injection and storage of carbon dioxide on the Norwegian continental shelf. The government confirmed last week the two areas had been open for applications following approaches from several unnamed industry players which considered those specific areas as 'interesting' for CO2 storage."

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17.09.2021

# New Publications

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Pritchard, Rose (2021): Politics, power and planting trees

Pritchard, Rose (2021): Politics, power and planting trees. In Nat Sustain 365, p. 76. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-021-00769-5.

"Tree planting is often proposed as part of the solution to climate change. A new study demonstrates why it is critical to see this as a social science issue, not just an ecological one."

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17.09.2021

# New Publications

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Bradfer‐Lawrence, Tom; et al. (2021): The potential contribution of terrestrial nature‐based solutions to a national ‘net zero’ climate target

Bradfer‐Lawrence, Tom; Finch, Tom; Bradbury, Richard B.; Buchanan, Graeme M.; Midgley, Andrew; Field, Rob H. (2021): The potential contribution of terrestrial nature‐based solutions to a national ‘net zero’ climate target. In J Appl Ecol 137 (3), p. 32. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.14003.

"Many national governments have incorporated nature-based solutions (NbS) in their plans to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions. However, uncertainties persist regarding both feasibility and consequences of major NbS deployment. Using the United Kingdom as a national-level case study, we examined the potential contribution of three terrestrial NbS: peatland restoration, saltmarsh creation and woodland creation."

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17.09.2021

# Media

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Euractive: EU plans certification scheme for carbon dioxide removals

"The European Commission will publish a policy paper by the end of the year on “the sustainable management of the carbon cycle” – the first step towards an EU-wide certification scheme for negative emissions coming from agriculture, forestry and other sources, that will be tabled in 2022."

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17.09.2021

# New Publications

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Coleman, Eric A.; et al. (2021): Limited effects of tree planting on forest canopy cover and rural livelihoods in Northern India

Coleman, Eric A.; Schultz, Bill; Ramprasad, Vijay; Fischer, Harry; Rana, Pushpendra; Filippi, Anthony M. et al. (2021): Limited effects of tree planting on forest canopy cover and rural livelihoods in Northern India. In Nat Sustain 2, p. 390. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-021-00761-z.

"Many countries have adopted large-scale tree planting programmes as a climate mitigation strategy and to support local livelihoods. We evaluate a series of large-scale tree planting programmes using data collected from historical Landsat imagery in the state of Himachal Pradesh in Northern India. Using this panel dataset, we use an event study design to estimate the socioeconomic and biophysical impacts over decades of these programmes. We find that tree plantings have not, on average, increased the proportion of forest canopy cover and have modestly shifted forest composition away from the broadleaf varieties valued by local people. Further cross-sectional analysis, from a household livelihood survey, shows that tree planting supports little direct use by local people. We conclude that decades of expensive tree planting programmes in this region have not proved effective. This result suggests that large-scale tree planting may sometimes fail to achieve its climate mitigation and livelihood goals."

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17.09.2021

# Calls & events

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Call for Submissions: Funding Opportunity (XPrice Carbon Removal)

Deadline: 1. December 2021

"XPRIZE Carbon Removal will challenge innovators to demonstrate the viability of durable, low-cost, scalable, and sustainable carbon removal solutions. Humanity needs a portfolio of solutions that can reach a combined installed capacity of 2.5 billion tonnes 1 (gigatonnes) of CO2 removal per year by 2030 in order to be on track to meet the IPCC goal of at least 10 gigatonnes per year by 2050 2 . The competition is designed to help put humanity on track to meet this goal."

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17.09.2021

# New Publications

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O'Lear, Shannon; et al. (2021): Environmental Geopolitics of Climate Engineering Proposals in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report

O'Lear, Shannon; Hane, Madisen K.; Neal, Abigail P.; Stallings, Lauren Louise M.; Wadood, Sierra; Park, Jimin (2021): Environmental Geopolitics of Climate Engineering Proposals in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report. In Front. Clim. 3, p. 423. DOI: 10.3389/fclim.2021.718553.

"Environmental geopolitics offers an analytical approach that considers how environmental themes are brought into the service of geopolitical agendas. Of particular concern are claims about environment-related security and risk and the justification of actions (or inactions) proposed to deal with those claims. Environmental geopolitical analysis focuses on geographical knowledge and how that knowledge is generated and applied to stabilize specific understandings of the world. Climate engineering is a realm in which certain kinds of geographical knowledge, in the form of scientific interpretations of environmental interactions, are utilized to support a selective agenda that, despite claims about benefiting people and environments on a global scale, may be shown to reinforce uneven relationships of power as well as patterns of injustice. This paper focuses on how the IPCC AR5 discusses and portrays climate engineering."

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17.09.2021

# New Publications

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Austin, Maura M.K.; Converse, Benjamin A. (2021): In search of weakened resolve: Does climate-engineering awareness decrease individuals’ commitment to mitigation?

Austin, Maura M.K.; Converse, Benjamin A. (2021): In search of weakened resolve: Does climate-engineering awareness decrease individuals’ commitment to mitigation? In Journal of Environmental Psychology 356 (6335), p. 101690. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101690.

"As climate predictions become more dire, it is increasingly clear that society cannot rely on mitigation alone. In response, climatologists and engineers have been developing climate-engineering technology to directly intervene on the climate through strategies such as solar radiation management and carbon dioxide removal. While these technologies have some encouraging features, they also involve risk on many dimensions. One behavioral risk that concerns many observers is the possibility that the prominence of climate-engineering scenarios could decrease the public's commitment to mitigation, a concern variously described as moral hazard or weakened resolve. Across 8 experiments (N = 2514) we tested whether exposure to naturalistic information about climate-engineering technology decreases individuals' commitment to mitigation efforts."

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17.09.2021

# Media

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The New Yorker: Are We Finally Ready to Tackle the Other Greenhouse Gas?

"Scientists are looking at ways to catalyze reactions that could transform atmospheric methane, and they may have found a method making use of ship smokestacks."

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15.09.2021

# Media

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Anthropocene: Tiny chemical “nanojars” could remove carbon dioxide from lakes and oceans

"In what could be an important tool to clean up our lakes and oceans, researchers have made ‘nanojars’ that can capture carbon dioxide and toxins from water."

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