09.09.2018

# Media

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Monthly Review: Making War on the Planet

"The enormous dangers that rapid climate change present to humanity as a whole, and the inability of the existing capitalist political-economic structure to address them, symbolized by the presence of Donald Trump in the White House, have engendered a desperate search for technofixes in the form of schemes for geoengineering, defined as massive, deliberate human interventions to manipulate the entire climate or the planet as a whole."

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04.08.2018

# New Publications

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Mueller, B. L.; et al. (2018): Attribution of Arctic sea ice decline from 1953 to 2012 to influences from natural, greenhouse-gas and anthropogenic aerosol forcing

Mueller, B. L.; Gillett, N. P.; Monahan, A. H.; Zwiers, F. W. (2018): Attribution of Arctic sea ice decline from 1953 to 2012 to influences from natural, greenhouse-gas and anthropogenic aerosol forcing. In: J. Climate. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0552.1.

"We show that fingerprints from greenhouse-gas, natural and other anthropogenic forcings are detected in the three observed records of Arctic sea ice extent. Beyond that, our findings indicate that for the 1953 to 2012 period roughly 23% of the greenhouse-gas induced negative sea ice trend has been offset by a weak positive sea ice trend attributable to other anthropogenic forcing. We show that our detection and attribution results remain robust in the presence of emerging non-stationary internal climate variability acting upon sea ice using a perfect model experiment and data from two large ensembles of climate simulations."

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23.07.2018

# New Publications

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Muri, Helene; et al (2018): Climate Response to Aerosol Geoengineering. A Multimethod Comparison

Muri, Helene; Tjiputra, Jerry; Otterå, Odd Helge; Adakudlu, Muralidhar; Lauvset, Siv K.; Grini, Alf et al. (2018): Climate Response to Aerosol Geoengineering. A Multimethod Comparison. In: J. Climate 31 (16), S. 6319–6340. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0620.1.

"Considering the ambitious climate targets of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 2°C, with aspirations of even 1.5°C, questions arise on how to achieve this. Climate geoengineering has been proposed as a potential tool to minimize global harm from anthropogenic climate change. Here, an Earth system model is used to evaluate the climate response when transferring from a high CO2 forcing scenario, RCP8.5, to a middle-of-the-road forcing scenario, like RCP4.5, using aerosol geoengineering. Three different techniques are considered: stratospheric aerosol injections (SAI), marine sky brightening (MSB), and cirrus cloud thinning (CCT)."

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18.06.2018

# New Publications

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Markus, Till; et al. (2018): An Assessment of Climate Engineering from a Buddhist Perspective

Markus, Till; Vivekānanda, Bhikkhu; Lawrence, Mark (2018): An Assessment of Climate Engineering from a Buddhist Perspective. In Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture. DOI: 10.1558/jsrnc.34831

"This article expounds a Buddhist perspective on the rapidly emerging topic of Climate Engineering, i.e. the deliberate, large-scale manipulation of the environment as a proposed means to counteract anthropogenic climate change or some of its specific aspects like global mean temperature increase. It sets the stage with two orthogonal aspects: an overview of the topic of Climate Engineering, and a broader analysis of the Buddhist perspective on mankind’s relationship with nature. Linking these together, we show that as one of the world’s major faiths, Buddhism can provide valuable insights and perspectives for the evolving global discourse on Climate Engineering methods, and that it advocates some basic requirements concerning their further development and possible future deployment."

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18.04.2018

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wtop: What Earth Day means when humans possess planet-shaping powers

"For nearly 50 years, Earth Day has provided an opportunity for people across the globe to come together and rally in support of the natural world. While the specific challenges have varied, the goal has remained more or less the same: to protect the rich, biological world that the current generation has inherited from being overwhelmed by the influences of humanity."

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06.03.2018

# New Publications

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Lederer, Markus; Kreuter, Judith (2018): Organising the unthinkable in times of crises. Will climate engineering become the weapon of last resort in the Anthropocene?

Lederer, Markus; Kreuter, Judith (2018): Organising the unthinkable in times of crises. Will climate engineering become the weapon of last resort in the Anthropocene? In Organization 4, 135050841875918. DOI: 10.1177/1350508418759186.

"In this article, we ask how the approaches of climate engineering – mostly highly technological approaches to address the challenge of global climate change – might be organised in the age of the Anthropocene. We understand the term ‘Anthropocene’ to be characterised by crisis, on one hand, and by promise, on the other. In particular, we aim to raise doubts on the dominant perspective on the organisation of climate engineering, which assumes these approaches to be regulated through legalistic means. Drawing an analogy to the early development stages of nuclear weapons, we point out that, instead of following a legalistic rationale, climate engineering organisation might pursue a logic of technical feasibility, political acceptance and bureaucratic momentum."

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10.02.2017

# New Publications

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Altvater, Elmar (2016): The Capitalocene, or, Geoengineering against Capitalism’s Planetary Boundaries

Altvater, Elmar (2016): The Capitalocene, or, Geoengineering against Capitalism’s Planetary Boundaries. In Jason W. Moore (Ed.): Anthropocene or Capitalocene? Nature, history, and the crisis of capitalism. Oakland, CA: PM Press (Kairos), pp. 138–152.

"Today’s great questions are about how capitalism works through, and actively creates, planetary nature."

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08.01.2017

# Media

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The Capitolocene Blog: Against the geoengineering techno-fix

"The term of Capitalocene gives the indication that techno-fixes aren’t real solutions and that it is urgent to question our economic system, model of development and way of life that are unsustainable if we wish to cut down emissions."

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19.12.2016

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NPR: A Planet With Brains? The Peril And Potential Of Self-Aware Geological Change

""Anthropocene dilemma": We have global influence without global self-control. However, global technological influence clearly contains both peril and promise. Conscious awareness and control can also be sources of stabilizing negative feedback. This merely requires recognizing a problem and acting to fix it."

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29.08.2016

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STEPS centre Blog: Responsibility and geoengineering in the Anthropocene

"As the Anthropocene Working Group debate the start date of a new geological era, Jack Stilgoe asks what the Anthropocene means for how science takes responsibility for the climate. In this excerpt from his book, Experiment Earth, Jack looks at the relationship between the identification of the Anthropocene and the arrival of proposals for geoengineering, the deliberate manipulation of the Earth’s climate."

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