17.09.2021

# New Publications

0 Comments

Coleman, Eric A.; et al. (2021): Limited effects of tree planting on forest canopy cover and rural livelihoods in Northern India

Coleman, Eric A.; Schultz, Bill; Ramprasad, Vijay; Fischer, Harry; Rana, Pushpendra; Filippi, Anthony M. et al. (2021): Limited effects of tree planting on forest canopy cover and rural livelihoods in Northern India. In Nat Sustain 2, p. 390. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-021-00761-z.

"Many countries have adopted large-scale tree planting programmes as a climate mitigation strategy and to support local livelihoods. We evaluate a series of large-scale tree planting programmes using data collected from historical Landsat imagery in the state of Himachal Pradesh in Northern India. Using this panel dataset, we use an event study design to estimate the socioeconomic and biophysical impacts over decades of these programmes. We find that tree plantings have not, on average, increased the proportion of forest canopy cover and have modestly shifted forest composition away from the broadleaf varieties valued by local people. Further cross-sectional analysis, from a household livelihood survey, shows that tree planting supports little direct use by local people. We conclude that decades of expensive tree planting programmes in this region have not proved effective. This result suggests that large-scale tree planting may sometimes fail to achieve its climate mitigation and livelihood goals."

LINK


Read more »

15.09.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Carbon 180: What to do with wood pellets? Burning issues in BECCS and forestry

"Trees are a key piece of the carbon removal puzzle—both as they grow and after they’re harvested. Recently, the use of wood pellets (portable, compacted sawdust) in the UK and EU’s renewable energy production portfolio has been steadily growing. Given the US’s status as the top wood pellet exporter, there are concerns over subsequent impacts to forest ecosystems — and their ability to remove carbon from the atmosphere. As we shape the role of wood pellets as feedstock for climate technologies, it’s imperative that we take a holistic approach when exploring the entangled issues of forests and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)."

LINK


Read more »

10.09.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Politico: The risky climate bet of using forests to remove CO2

"Growing worries about the speed and scale of climate change are prompting a look at technologies ranging from nuclear to sci-fi schemes like space mirrors. But there's one system that's been doing a pretty good job of pulling carbon from the atmosphere for the last 360 million years: trees. That's made forests a favored low-tech way of combating global warming — including by the European Union, which calls for planting 3 billion trees by 2030 as part of its effort to cut CO2 emissions by 55 percent by that year. But it's a risky gamble as those trees are in danger from some of the consequences of climate change, including increasing wildfires, droughts and pests. And trees that burn or die end up releasing their captured CO2 back into the atmosphere."

LINK


Read more »

08.09.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Blog: The Future of Carbon Capture: A View of the Current Players

"As per the 2021 IPCC report, it is clear that it is no longer sufficient to simply reduce carbon emissions. In order to tackle climate change, we need to rapidly remove carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. While this seems daunting, hundreds of companies have worked towards various carbon capture and sequestration methods over the last few decades. We have compiled a list of some of these companies with a variety of carbon sequestration technologies."

LINK


Read more »

30.08.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Illuminem: Time to Rethink Nature-Based Solutions?

"It has been more than 30 years since the first carbon offset project used a nature-based solution (agroforestry and forestry conservation) to offset the emissions of a coal-fired power plant owned by the energy company AES. I developed the carbon quantification methodology for that offset project while at the World Resources Institute in Washington, DC. I subsequently authored some of the earliest studies looking at nature-based solutions (NBS) potentials for climate change mitigation, and worked extensively with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the topic.[...] NBS references a large category of climate change mitigation options based on preserving, restoring, or expanding biological stores of terrestrial or oceanic carbon. Protecting tropical rainforests, rewilding temperate zones, restoring soil carbon on agricultural lands, and sinking seaweed into the ocean are all examples of NBS options."

LINK


Read more »

30.08.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Podcast: Carbon Removal Newsroom: Carbon pricing bills, forest carbon offsets, & a progressive platform for carbon removal

"This week on Carbon Removal Newsroom, we’re discussing carbon’s value in various forms. We start by answering the question, ‘What is carbon pricing?’ and look at proposed bills in Congress that are attaching a price to carbon. We look at the value of forest carbon offsets in a world with unprecedented wildfires. We explore A Progressive Platform For Carbon Removal, then we close out the episode with a positive story of the week.Panelists Dr. Holly Jean Buck of the University at Buffalo and Chris Barnard of the American Conservation Coalition join host Radhika Moolgavkar of Nori for this episode."

LINK

 


Read more »

30.08.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Podcast: Climate Now: Optimizing reforestation to mitigate climate change with Susan Cook-Patton

"Trees are an incredible resource for mitigating climate change, with myriad environmental benefits - not least their ability to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it for hundreds to thousands of years. Reforestation - the process of replanting trees in depleted areas - should be included in the array of climate solutions, but it isn't as simple as merely planting any tree anywhere. Dr. Susan Cook-Patton and her colleagues created the Reforestation Hub, which provides county-level information about the best regions and geographic areas to plant trees to maximize CO2 uptake via reforestation."

LINK


Read more »

23.08.2021

# Media

0 Comments

The Conversation: Amazon: regrowing forests have offset less than 10% of carbon emissions from deforestation

"Driven largely by the expansion of farm land to meet increasing global demand for products such as soya bean, over 810,000 km² of forest in the Amazon has been cleared – an area nearly as big as Norway and Sweden combined. Deforestation is not only a tragedy for biodiversity, it also releases huge quantities of carbon dioxide (CO₂) into the atmosphere. Despite a glimmer of hope in the early 2010s, when deforestation rates plummeted to an all-time low, forest loss is once again on the rise."

LINK


Read more »

12.08.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Independent: Carbon offset programs of companies like Microsoft, BP go up in smoke as wildfires decimate forests

"Forests purchased by major corporations in an effort to offset their carbon emission are burning as the United States experiences a record wildfire year – and it’s a major problem that needs reassessing, experts say."

LINK


Read more »

12.08.2021

# Media

0 Comments

Phys.org: Satellites reveal how forests increase cloud and cool climate

"Forests are not only key to moderating our climate by sequestering atmospheric carbon, but they also create a cooling effect by increasing low-level cloud."

LINK


Read more »