11.10.2021

# Media

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Bloomberg Green: For Effective Climate Policy, the First Step is the Hardest

"After more than three decades of trying, Austria moves to tax carbon. Austria has a carbon tax or, in slightly more dramatic terms: 'Habemus CO₂ tax.' But the reception in Austria and beyond was quite a bit more muted than the joyous announcement of a new pope. Environmental group Greenpeace called it “too weak, too late and ineffective.” They have a point."

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11.10.2021

# Media

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Video: Recording: Webinar: Negative emissions and net zero: how do technologies for carbon dioxide removal measure up? (CCUS Projects Network)

"The European Union is committed to keeping the average temperature rise to well below 2°C, preferably closer to 1.5°C, which according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) requires bringing global GHG emissions to net zero by 2050. The IPCC scenarios show that alongside implementing other climate mitigation policies it is essential to remove CO2 from the atmosphere, known as carbon dioxide removal (CDR) which includes negative emission technologies (NETs). Various options are being reviewed and discussed, including both nature-based solutions and CCS-based solutions. The most common CCS-related solutions identified are direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS) and CCS on energy production from biomass (BECCS). This event will discuss policy mechanisms for the delivery of CDR, storage longevity and the role of offsetting, and present some real project examples and the potential range of biogenic sources that combined with CCS can enable CDR."

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10.10.2021

# Political Papers

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Arens, Christof (Ed.) (2021): Ensuring longterm ambition. Paris-proofing of baseline setting as a means for alignment with the Paris Agreement’s long-term objectives (Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy)

Arens, Christof (Ed.) (2021): Ensuring longterm ambition. Paris-proofing of baseline setting as a means for alignment with the Paris Agreement’s long-term objectives. Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy. Wuppertal (Carbon Mechanisms Review, Vol. 9, No. 3). Available online at https://www.carbon-mechanisms.de/fileadmin/media/dokumente/Publikationen/CMR/CMR_03_2021_web_final.pdf.

"In this issue of the CMR, we take an in-depth look at the baselines discussion, starting with an analysis of the experience gained in the different carbon market arenas so far. We also present a Party perspective on the negotiation process and possible solutions for the associated agenda items. The cover feature is supplemented by a new proposal from the research community on how to technically solve baseline setting under the new Paris Agreement regime. Also in this issue, we look at how implementation of Article 6 activities can be promoted and assess actual capacity building needs. Finally, we explore the aviation sector and analyse the role of carbon markets in regulating GHG emissions from aviation as described in the European Commission’s recent “Fit for 55” proposal."

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06.10.2021

# Political Papers

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Elkerbout, Milan; Bryhn, Julie (2021): Setting the context for an EU policy framework for negative emissions. CEPS

Elkerbout, Milan; Bryhn, Julie (2021): Setting the context for an EU policy framework for negative emissions. CEPS (CEPS Policy Insights, 2021-12). Available online at https://www.ceps.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/PI2021-12_EU-policy-framework-for-negative-emissions.pdf.

"Negative emissions – the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere – will be needed in the EU and globally to reach long-term climate targets. This scoping paper explores the different concepts relevant to discussing negative emissions in an EU policy context, starting with the scientific basis described by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The paper then discusses different ways negative emissions technologies can be categorised, and the potential trade-offs associated with their deployment. Finally, some political considerations for negative emissions policy are discussed. The paper will form the basis for an upcoming policy paper on how the EU should approach negative emissions in its climate policy framework."

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29.09.2021

# New Publications

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Tamme, Eve; Beck, Larissa Lee (2021): European Carbon Dioxide Removal Policy: Current Status and Future Opportunities

Tamme, Eve; Beck, Larissa Lee (2021): European Carbon Dioxide Removal Policy: Current Status and Future Opportunities. In Front. Clim. 3, p. 2. DOI: 10.3389/fclim.2021.682882.

"Over the past two years, the European Union, Norway, Iceland, and the UK have increased climate ambition and aggressively pushed forward an agenda to pursue climate neutrality or net-zero emissions by mid-century. This increased ambition, partly the result of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's landmark findings on limiting global warming to 1.5°C, has also led to a renewed approach to and revitalized debate about the role of carbon capture and storage and carbon dioxide removal. With increasing climate ambition, including a mid-century climate neutrality goal for the whole European Union, the potential role of technological carbon dioxide removal (CDR) is emerging as one of the critical points of debate among NGOs, policymakers, and the private sector. Policymakers are starting to discuss how to incentivize a CDR scale-up. What encompasses the current debate, and how does it relate to CDR technologies' expected role in reaching climate neutrality? This perspective will highlight that policy must fill two gaps: the accounting and the commercialization gap for the near-term development of a comprehensive CDR policy framework. It will shine a light on the current status of negative emission technologies and the role of carbon capture and storage in delivering negative emissions in Europe's decarbonized future. It will also analyze the role of carbon markets, including voluntary markets, as potential incentives while exploring policy pathways for a near-term scale-up."

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27.09.2021

# Media

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Gasworld: Air Liquide and Saras join forces on CCS solution

"Major energy player Air Liquide will partner with Italian energy and refining company Saras to explore carbon capture and storage (CCS) solutions at Saras’ Sarroch refinery site in Sardinia."

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27.09.2021

# Media

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Clean Energy Wire: The carbon balancing act: Emission reduction and removal in the bid for net-zero

"“Achieving net-zero” emissions by the middle of the century is a goal that few would fault. But when it comes to reaching a balance of greenhouse gases and carbon removal – as not all emissions from food and industrial production can be entirely prevented – views start to diverge. Many argue that it is high time countries start building up a new industry of CO2 removers, scale it up and drive down prices, or at least standardise the use of readily available nature-based carbon uptake options. Others warn that relying on removal methods, be they carbon storage in soils or capturing CO2 from industrial processes or directly out of the air and then storing it underground, only draws attention away from the really important task of avoiding emissions altogether. In Germany, the debate on negative emissions is picking up, as all projections show there won’t be a way around them in 2045. But a deep aversion to carbon capture and (underground) storage (CCS) is preventing an easy decision, while the European Commission is preparing carbon removal legislation and other players and nations are darting ahead planning the future carbon offset market and a CO2 infrastructure."

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17.09.2021

# Media

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Global Cement: Aalborg Portland Cement to launch carbon capture and storage project at Rørdal cement plant in 2022

"Denmark: Aalborg Portland Cement will begin construction of a carbon capture and storage (CCS) system at its Rørdal, North Jutland, cement plant. It will collaborate with Project Greensand CCS consortium partners to store the captured CO2 in drained oilfields below the North Sea. The company estimates that the Danish part of the North Sea has 16Gt of CO2 storage capacity, out of 300Gt under all EU waters. The endeavour aims to help Denmark to realise its targeted 70% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2030."

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17.09.2021

# Media

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Gasworld: Air Liquide and TotalEnergies join forces to develop Normandy CCS project

"In a joint effort to help decarbonise industry and reach net zero emissions by 2050, energy giants Air Liquide and TotalEnergies are to collaborate on a large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) solution at the Normandy area, France."

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17.09.2021

# Media

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Euractive: EU plans certification scheme for carbon dioxide removals

"The European Commission will publish a policy paper by the end of the year on “the sustainable management of the carbon cycle” – the first step towards an EU-wide certification scheme for negative emissions coming from agriculture, forestry and other sources, that will be tabled in 2022."

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