05.12.2019

# New Publications

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Butnar, I., et al. (2019): A Deep Dive into the Modelling Assumptions for Biomass with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS): A Transparency Exercise

Butnar, Isabela, Pei-Hao Li, Neil Strachan, Joana Portugal Pereira, Ajay Gambhir, and Peter Smith (2019): A Deep Dive into the Modelling Assumptions for Biomass with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS): A Transparency Exercise. Environmental Research Letters, November. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab5c3e.

‌"Through a structured review, we find that all IAMs communicate wider system assumptions and major cost assumptions transparently. This quality however fades as we dig deeper into modelling details."

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28.11.2019

# New Publications

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Gattuso, J.-P.; et al. (2019): Opportunities for increasing ocean action in climate strategies

Gattuso, J.-P.; et al. (2019): Opportunities for increasing ocean action in climate strategies. IDDRI, Policy Brief N°02/19.

"In this Policy Brief we assess 18 ocean-based measures to support climate policies and the revision of NDCs in the areas of mitigation and adaptation. Ocean-related measures should not be considered as a substitute for climate mitigation on land, which must also be strongly pursued for the benefit of the atmosphere as well as the ocean."

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18.11.2019

# Media

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Climate Home News: IEA World Energy Outlook outlines 1.5C scenario

"Observers warn the IEA’s projection is inconsistent with the world’s long-term sustainable development needs"

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17.11.2019

# New Publications

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Pröll, T.; et al. (2019): Biomass-Based Negative Emission Technology Options with Combined Heat and Power Generation

Pröll, Tobias, and Florian Zerobin. 2019. “Biomass-Based Negative Emission Technology Options with Combined Heat and Power Generation.” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 24 (7): 1307–24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-019-9841-4.

"The results show that both bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and biochar qualify as negative emission technologies (NETs) and that there is an energy-based performance advantage of BECCS over biochar because of the unreleased fuel energy in the biochar case."

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24.10.2019

# New Publications

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Buck, Holly Jean (2019): Challenges and Opportunities of Bioenergy With Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) for Communities

Buck, Holly Jean (2019): Challenges and Opportunities of Bioenergy With Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) for Communities. In Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports. DOI: 10.1007/s40518-019-00139-y.

"BECCS cannot be viewed on just the community scale without considering how national and global scales influence system design. The limited research relevant to BECCS on the community scale looks at public acceptance or social license, rather than opportunities for communities. Future research can move beyond “social impact” to study “social demand” for BECCS, and identify opportunities for communities along the farm-to-underground or farm-to-product chain."

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23.10.2019

# New Publications

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Smith, Pete; et al. (2019): Land-Management Options for Greenhouse Gas Removal and Their Impacts on Ecosystem Services and the Sustainable Development Goals

Smith, Pete; Adams, Justin; Beerling, David J.; Beringer, Tim; Calvin, Katherine V.; Fuss, Sabine et al. (2019): Land-Management Options for Greenhouse Gas Removal and Their Impacts on Ecosystem Services and the Sustainable Development Goals. In Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 44 (1), pp. 255–286. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-environ-101718-033129.

"Land-management options for greenhouse gas removal (GGR) include afforestation or reforestation (AR), wetland restoration, soil carbon sequestration (SCS), biochar, terrestrial enhanced weathering (TEW), and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). We assess the opportunities and risks associated with these options through the lens of their potential impacts on ecosystem services (Nature's Contributions to People; NCPs) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)."

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17.10.2019

# New Publications

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Low, S.; et al. (2020): Is bio-energy carbon capture and storage (BECCS) feasible? The contested authority of integrated assessment modelin

Low, Sean; Schäfer, Stefan (2020): Is bio-energy carbon capture and storage (BECCS) feasible? The contested authority of integrated assessment modeling. In Energy Research & Social Science 60, p. 101326. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2019.101326.

"We find that the competing judgments of BECCS's feasibility, between the IAM community and its critics, reflect and reinforce different understandings of the freedom of scientific inquiry, the mutual influences of science and policy, the shape of science communication, and the necessity of reform. We ask what these claims signal for future activity in this space, and conclude with a call for ‘reflexive’ modeling approaches to bridge perspectives."

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30.09.2019

# New Publications

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Withey, P.; et al. (2019): Quantifying the global warming potential of carbon dioxide emissions from bioenergy with carbon capture and storage

Withey, Patrick; Johnston, Craig; Guo, Jinggang (2019): Quantifying the global warming potential of carbon dioxide emissions from bioenergy with carbon capture and storage. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 115, S. 109408. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.109408.

"This study provides estimates of the global warming potential (GWP) of carbon dioxide emissions from bioenergy produced from forests (termed GWPbio). The specific contribution of the study is twofold. First, we consider how GWPbio will be impacted by the inclusion of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) technology. Second, we determine how the assumed baseline or reference scenario impacts GWPbio, considering both bioenergy harvests from currently unmanaged land and harvest residues from currently managed forest lands. "

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17.09.2019

# New Publications

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Mayer, Benoit (2019): Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage. Existing and Emerging Legal Principles

Mayer, Benoit (2019): Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage. Existing and Emerging Legal Principles. In Carbon & Climate Law Review 13 (2), pp. 113–121. DOI: 10.21552/cclr/2019/2/6.

"The Paris Agreement was largely understood as an implicit recognition of the need for a large-scale deployment of negative emissions technologies, in particular bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), as part of an enhanced action on climate change mitigation. Yet, a large-scale deployment of BECCS, if feasible at all, would raise serious concerns relating to the social and environmental impacts of bioenergy, the safety of the transportation and the durability of the storage, as well as more general matters of cost-sharing, burden-sharing and responsibilities on the international plane. Although no international law instrument addresses these concerns specifically, some principles of general international law are relevant. Accordingly, this article identifies existing and emerging principles of general international law of relevance to BECCS and discusses the need for and opportunity of further developments."

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06.09.2019

# New Publications

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Daggash, H.; et al. (2019): Higher Carbon Prices on Emissions Alone Will Not Deliver the Paris Agreement

Daggash, Habiba Ahut; Mac Dowell, Niall (2019): Higher Carbon Prices on Emissions Alone Will Not Deliver the Paris Agreement. In: Joule. DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2019.08.008.

"We investigate the effectiveness of carbon prices in achieving the deep decarbonization needed in the power system. We find that if only CO 2 emitters are penalized, increasing prices to the social cost of carbon is sufficient to achieve a decarbonized system in the medium-term but not maintain it in the long-term."

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