25.02.2019

# New Publications

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Sharma, S.; et al. (2019): Carbon and evapotranspiration dynamics of a non-native perennial grass with biofuel potential in the southern U.S. Great Plains

Sharma, S.; Rajan, N.; Cui, S.; Maas, S.; Casey, K.; Ale, S.; Jessup, R. (2019): Carbon and evapotranspiration dynamics of a non-native perennial grass with biofuel potential in the southern U.S. Great Plains. In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 269-270, S. 285–293. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.01.037.

"Old world bluestem cultivar WW-B Dahl [Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.), S. T. Blake] is a non-native perennial C4 bunch grass with biofuel production potential grown predominantly in the Southern U.S. Great Plains. Although this is a popular introduced grass cultivar, data on carbon fluxes and evapotranspiration (ET) from this warm-season grass is rare. In this study, the eddy covariance method was used to measure CO2 and ET from an established stand of bluestem for three years (2013–2015)."

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18.02.2019

# New Publications

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Emerson, D. (2019): Biogenic Iron Dust: A Novel Approach to Ocean Iron Fertilization as a Means of Large Scale Removal of Carbon Dioxide From the Atmosphere

Emerson, D. (2019): Biogenic Iron Dust: A Novel Approach to Ocean Iron Fertilization as a Means of Large Scale Removal of Carbon Dioxide From the Atmosphere. In: Front. Mar. Sci. 6, S. 3944. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00022.

"This is a proposal for ocean iron fertilization as a means to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. The idea is to take advantage of nanoparticulate, poorly crystalline Fe-oxides produced by chemosynthetic iron-oxidizing bacteria as an iron source to the ocean. Upon drying these oxides produce a fine powder that could be dispersed at altitude by aircraft to augment wind-driven Aeolian dust that is a primary iron source to the open ocean."

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18.02.2019

# New Publications

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Prajapati, A.; et al. (2019): Assessment of Artificial Photosynthetic Systems for Integrated Carbon Capture and Conversion

Prajapati, A.; Singh, M. (2019): Assessment of Artificial Photosynthetic Systems for Integrated Carbon Capture and Conversion. In: ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b04969.

"Sustainable and continuous operation of an artificial photosynthetic (AP) system requires a constant supply of CO2 captured from the dilute sources such as the flue gas and the air to make fuels and chemicals. Although the architecture of AP systems resembles that of the natural leaves, they lack an important component like stomata to capture CO2 directly from the dilute sources. Here we design and evaluate the solar-to-fuel (STF) efficiency of the integrated AP system that captures CO2 directly from the air/flue gas and converts it to fuels using sunlight."

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18.02.2019

# New Publications

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Bellamy, R.; et al. (2019): Perceptions of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage in different policy scenarios

Bellamy, R.; Lezaun, J.; Palmer, J. (2019): Perceptions of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage in different policy scenarios. In: Nat Comms 10 (1), S. 743. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-08592-5.

"There is growing interest in bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) as a possible technology for removing CO2 from the atmosphere. In the first study of its kind, we investigate whether and how different forms of incentivisation impact on public perceptions of this technology. We develop a new experimental method to triangulate perceptions of BECCS in different policy scenarios through quantitative measurement and qualitative elicitation. Here we show that the type of policy instrument used to incentivise BECCS significantly affects perceptions of the technology itself."

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18.02.2019

# New Publications

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Li, M.; et al. (2019): Carbon dioxide sequestration accompanied by bioenergy generation using a bubbling-type photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell

Li, M.; Zhou, M.; Luo, J.; Tan, C.; Tian, X.; Su, P.; Gu, T. (2019): Carbon dioxide sequestration accompanied by bioenergy generation using a bubbling-type photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell. In: Bioresource Technology 280, S. 95–103. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.02.038.

"This study developed a bubbling-type photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell (B-PAMFC) to treat synthetic wastewater and capture CO2 using Chlorella vulgaris with simultaneous power production. The performance of B-PAMFC in CO2 fixation and bioenergy production was compared with the photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell (PAMFC) and bubbling photobioreactor. Different nitrogen sources for C. vulgaris growth, namely sodium nitrate, urea, ammonium acetate and acetamide were studied."

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16.02.2019

# New Publications

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Mengis, N.; et al. (2019): Climate engineering–induced changes in correlations between Earth system variables—implications for appropriate indicator selection

Mengis, N.; Keller, D.; Rickels, W.; Quaas, M.; Oschlies, A. (2019): Climate engineering–induced changes in correlations between Earth system variables—implications for appropriate indicator selection. In: Climatic Change 104 (C7), S. 669. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-019-02389-7.

"Climate engineering (CE) deployment would alter prevailing relationships between Earth system variables, making indicators and metrics used so far in the climate change assessment context less appropriate to assess CE measures. Achieving a comprehensive CE assessment requires a systematic and transparent reevaluation of the indicator selection process from Earth system variables. Here, we provide a first step towards such a systematic assessment of changes in correlations between Earth system variables following simulated deployment of different CE methods."

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11.02.2019

# New Publications

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Sujan, A.; et al. (2019): Direct CO2 capture from air using poly(ethyleneimine)-loaded polymer/silica fiber sorbents

Sujan, A.; Pang, S.; Zhu, G.; Jones, C.; Lively, R. (2019): Direct CO2 capture from air using poly(ethyleneimine)-loaded polymer/silica fiber sorbents. In: ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b06203.

"Direct CO2 capture from atmospheric air is gaining increased attention as one of the most scalable negative carbon approaches available to tackle climate change if coupled with the sequestration of CO2 geologically. [...] In this work, we describe the application of polymer/silica fiber sorbents functionalized with a primary amine rich polymer, poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI), for DAC. Monolithic fiber sorbents composed of cellulose acetate (CA) and SiO2 are synthesized via the dry-jet, wet quench spinning technique."

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11.02.2019

# New Publications

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MacMartin, D.; et al. (2019): Timescale for Detecting the Climate Response to Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering

MacMartin, D.; Wang, W.; Kravitz, B.; Tilmes, S.; Richter, J.; Mills, M. (2019): Timescale for Detecting the Climate Response to Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering. In: J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 41 (3), S. 1738. DOI: 10.1029/2018JD028906.

"Stratospheric aerosol geoengineering could be used to maintain global mean temperature despite increased atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, for example, to meet a 1.5 or 2 °C target. While this might reduce many climate change impacts, the resulting climate would not be the same as one with the same global mean temperature due to lower GHG concentrations. The primary question we consider is how long it would take to detect these differences in a hypothetical deployment. We use a 20‐member ensemble of stratospheric sulfate aerosol geoengineering simulations in which SO2 is injected at four different latitudes to maintain not just the global mean temperature, but also the interhemispheric and equator‐to‐pole gradients."

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11.02.2019

# New Publications

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Svoboda, T.; et al. (2019): The potential for climate engineering with stratospheric sulfate aerosol injections to reduce climate injustice

Svoboda, T.; Irvine, P.; Callies, D.; Sugiyama, M. (2019): The potential for climate engineering with stratospheric sulfate aerosol injections to reduce climate injustice. In: Journal of Global Ethics 15 (16), S. 1–16. DOI: 10.1080/17449626.2018.1552180.

"Climate engineering with stratospheric sulfate aerosol injections (SSAI) has the potential to reduce risks of injustice related to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Relying on evidence from modeling studies, this paper makes the case that SSAI could have the potential to reduce many of the key physical risks of climate change identified by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Such risks carry potential injustice because they are often imposed on low-emitters who do not benefit from climate change."

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11.02.2019

# New Publications

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Dagon, K.; et al. (2019): Quantifying the effects of solar geoengineering on vegetation

Dagon, K.; Schrag, D. (2019): Quantifying the effects of solar geoengineering on vegetation. In: Climatic Change 13 (5), S. 776. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-019-02387-9.

"Solar geoengineering has potential to reduce the climate effects of greenhouse gas emissions through albedo modification, yet more research is needed to better understand how these techniques might impact terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we utilize the fully coupled version of the Community Earth System Model to run transient solar geoengineering simulations designed to stabilize radiative forcing starting mid-century, relative to the Representative Concentration Pathway 6 (RCP6) scenario."

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