14.11.2016

# Political Papers

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MCC (2016): Betting on negative emissions

MCC (2016): Betting on negative emissions. Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change. Berlin (MCC Policy Brief, 2).

"The 1.5-degree target significantly reduces the carbon budget compared to the 2-degree target. New technologies are hoped to reduce the CO2 debt. They aim to remove already existing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere—but also entail serious risks."

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14.11.2016

# Political Papers

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Fern (2016): Report of the seminar 'Negative Emissions' facilitated by Fern

Fern (2016): Report of the seminar 'Negative Emissions' facilitated by Fern. Brussels.

"This seminar held in May 2016 brought key scientists together with environmental, development and human rights NGOs to understand the Paris Agreement’s implications for forests and land use."

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14.11.2016

# Political Papers

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Energy Technologies Institute (2016): The evidence for deploying Bioenergy with CCS (BECCS) in the UK

Energy Technologies Institute (2016): The evidence for deploying Bioenergy with CCS (BECCS) in the UK. With assistance of Geraldine Newton-Cross, Dennis Gammer. Loughborough.

"Bioenergy technologies when combined with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) can deliver negative emissions (net removal of CO2 from the atmosphere) whilst producing energy in the form of electricity, heat, gaseous and liquid fuels. Negative emissions provide important emissions ‘headroom’ as the UK transitions towards a low-carbon energy system, since the additional ‘breathing space’ afforded by negative emissions reduces the need for rapid emissions reductions in sectors such as heavy duty transport and aviation which are more difficult and expensive to decarbonise. Evidence from ESME, the ETI’s peer-reviewed energy system modelling environment, suggests that by the 2050s, BECCS could deliver c.-55 million tonnes of net negative emissions per annum (approximately half our emissions target in 2050), whilst meeting c.10% of the UK’s future energy demand. This would reduce the cost of meeting the UK’s 2050 GHG emissions target by up to 1% of GDP."

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10.11.2016

# Political Papers

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Pasztorf, Janos; et al. (30.10.2016): Briefing Paper on Climate Engineering

Pasztorf, Janos; Nicholson, Simon; Morrow, David R. (30.10.2016): Briefing Paper on Climate Engineering. Carnegie Council (Briefing).

"Climate engineering (also often referred to as climate geoengineering or simply geoengineering) is defined as large-scale, deliberate intervention in the Earth system to counteract climate change. Two major sets of techniques are usually included: those that could remove significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (carbon dioxide removal—CDR), and those that might offset the amount of incoming solar radiation in order to cool the planet (solar radiation management—SRM). Recently there has been increasing discussion about the potential development and deployment of climate engineering."

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04.11.2016

# Political Papers

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Craik, Neil; Burns, William C. G. (2016): Climate Engineering under the Paris Agreement. A Legal and Policy Primer

Craik, Neil; Burns, William C. G. (2016): Climate Engineering under the Paris Agreement. A Legal and Policy Primer. Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Waterloo (Special Report).

"This report examines the specific provisions of the Paris Agreement with a view to identifying where legal and policy questions in relation to climate engineering are likely to arise. Inclusion of CDR technologies as part of a state’s nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is permissible under article 4 of the Paris Agreement, but will likely trigger concerns respecting technological readiness and equity. SRM technologies would appear to have little entry room within the Paris Agreement, but the process mechanism of the agreement provides opportunities to satisfy SRM research governance demands for transparency and public deliberation."

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04.11.2016

# Political Papers

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CBD (2016): Update on Climate Geoengineering in Relation to the Convention on Biological Diveristy. Potential Impacts and Regulatory Framework

CBD (2016): Update on Climate Geoengineering in Relation to the Convention on Biological Diveristy. Potential Impacts and Regulatory Framework. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD Technical Series, 84).

"The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has published a detailed assessment of the implications of using climate geoengineering to limit global warming. Approaches considered include the large-scale removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, as assumed in nearly all climate models that limit the increase in mean global temperature to below 2°C.
“A rapid transition to a low-carbon economy is the priority to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and in turn reduce the adverse impacts of climate change, including impacts on biodiversity,” said CBD Executive Secretary, Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, in the foreword of the new report."

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31.10.2016

# Political Papers

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Friends of the Earth: Paris Climate Agreement Demands a Radical Transformation Rather Than Risky Technologies for Climate Protection

Friends of the Earth; Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung; Misereor (2016): Kurswechsel 1,5°. Wege in eine klimagerechte Zukunft. Berlin. Available online at www.bund.net/fileadmin/bundnet/pdfs/klima_und_energie/161028_bund_klima_energie_kurswechsel_broschuere.pdf

Press release on a German brochure on climate politics. "In their joint publication, "A change of course: How to build a fair future in a 1.5 degree world," the three organizations present the dangers posed by global warming to food security and ecosystems and analyze so-called negative emission technologies such as geoengineering, offsetting of emissions, and BECCS (bioenergy with carbon capture and storage). In contrast to these questionable technologies, the policies to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees – as stipulated in the Paris Agreement – that are presented in the joint publication are not only geared toward climate mitigation but also put poverty reduction and  climate justice at the center of attention."

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31.10.2016

# Political Papers

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NAS: Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration

"The proposed study would aim to develop a detailed research and development agenda needed to assess the benefits, risks, and sustainable scale potential for carbon dioxide removal and sequestration approaches; and increase their commercial viability."

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13.10.2016

# Political Papers

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Committee on Climate Change (2016): UK climate action following the Paris Agreement

Committee on Climate Change (2016): UK climate action following the Paris Agreement. London.

"The Paris Agreement marks a significant positive step in global action to tackle climate change. This report considers the domestic actions the UK Government should take as part of a fair contribution to the aims of the Agreement. [...] Set out a strategy for developing options to remove greenhouse gases from the air"

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27.07.2016

# Political Papers

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Horton, Joshua B.; et al. (2016): Implications of the Paris Agreement for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Geoengineering

Horton, Joshua B.; Keith, David W.; Honegger, Matthias (2016): Implications of the Paris Agreement for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Geoengineering. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School (Policy Briefs).

"We survey the implications of the revamped climate policy regime for carbon removal and solar geoengineering, hereafter referred to using the common acronyms carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and solar radiation management (SRM)."

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