10.10.2017

# Political Papers

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La Plaza, Coraina de; et al. (2017): The risks of large-scale biosequestration in the context of Carbon Dioxide Removal

La Plaza, Coraina de; Munnion, Oliver; Fischer, Simon; Lovera, Simone (2017): The risks of large-scale biosequestration in the context of Carbon Dioxide Removal. Global Forest Coalition; Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung.

"The paper will describe existing trends in the field of large-scale biosequestration, and how current climate finance for biosequestration is geared towards industrial monoculture tree plantations, owing to global governance structures and a growing emphasis on private sector involvement. As such, biosequestration approaches that have significant negative rather than positive impacts are being prioritised. The potential risks and impacts of these CDR approaches on biodiversity, hydrological flows, land degradation, agrochemical contamination, albedo effects and the Earth System, and social impacts like elite resource capture, land grabbing, rural (un)employment, and gender-specific impacts, are described."

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03.10.2017

# Political Papers

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New Carbon Economy Consortium (2017): Building Research Programs to Support 21st Century Economic Opportunity

New Carbon Economy Consortium (2017): Building Research Programs to Support 21st Century Economic Opportunity. Arizona State University. Tempe.

"Now is the time to map paths to the breakthrough research programs and forward-looking university-business partnerships that will serve as the hubs for this new carbon economy. This is an economy in which low-carbon industry and primary energy production are joined by industrial centers, agricultural regions and food-producing ecosystems that turn excess CO2 into consumer goods, fuels, building materials and fertile soil. With deliberate but ambitious planning, the United States and collaborators in other countries can develop the knowledge, technologies and human capital to catalyze the new carbon economy by 2040."

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03.10.2017

# Political Papers

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Majkut, Joseph; et al. (2017): Geoengineering Responses to Climate Change Require Enhanced Research, Consideration of Societal Impacts, and Policy Development

Majkut, Joseph; Wong, Adam; Hagemann, Ryan (2017): Geoengineering Responses to Climate Change Require Enhanced Research, Consideration of Societal Impacts, and Policy Development. Niskanen Center (Public Interest Comment).

"The American Geophysical Union’s (AGU) draft statement is an important step forward in recognizing the need for research into climate geoengineering, which may be deployed as a means of reducing some of the risks of human-caused climate change. Climate geoengineering is a topic wrought with controversy, and careful guidance from the scientific community can help policymakers weigh the risks of managing particular aspects of the climate system, now and in the future. The Niskanen Center concurs that this issue is likely to cause tension between policymakers, scientists, and the public, especially in light of the politicization of climate change research."

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16.08.2017

# Political Papers

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Parson, Edward A. (2017): Starting the Dialogue on Climate Engineering Governance: A World Commission

Parson, Edward A. (2017): Starting the Dialogue on Climate Engineering Governance: A World Commission. Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) (Fixing Climate Governance Series Policy Brief, 8).

"The needed international dialogue on geoengineering governance will have broad international participation; engage high-level expertise in international policy and institutions; draw closely on parallel advances in scientific knowledge and technical capability, while keeping governance the central focus; and facilitate open, exploratory investigations of governance needs and potential responses, rather than pursue specific decisions, at least in initial stages. Present institutions are not well equipped to support these needs. A promising first step would be to establish a world commission on climate engineering or similar consultative body, with high-level political authorization, an appropriately broad mandate, adequate resources and wide participation."

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02.08.2017

# Political Papers

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Turkaly, Carolyn; et al. (2017): Establishing a Climate Engineering Research Clearinghouse

Turkaly, Carolyn; Nicholson, Simon; Livingston, David; Thompson, Michael (2017): Establishing a Climate Engineering Research Clearinghouse. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Forum for Climate Engineering Assessment. Washington, D.C.

"On July 18, 2017, the Forum for Climate Engineering Assessment and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace convened a meeting of experts in CE science and governance, transparency, and information visualization to discuss designing, implementing, and maintaining a CE clearinghouse. A research registry, database, or clearinghouse is often cited as a necessary transparency mechanism in the governance of CE research. This workshop, building on a 2015 meeting on disclosure mechanisms for solar radiation management convened in Ottawa,1 such a clearinghouse from principle to practice."

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01.08.2017

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Climate Change Advisory Council (2017): Periodic Review Report 2017

Climate Change Advisory Council (2017): Periodic Review Report 2017.

Report on agriculture and land use including some discussion on negative emissions.

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07.06.2017

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International Energy Agency (2017): Energy Technology Perspectives 2017

International Energy Agency (2017): Energy Technology Perspectives 2017. Paris.

"Negative emissions, notably in power generation and fuel transformation, become critical as low-carbon ambitions rise."

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11.05.2017

# Political Papers

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ETC Group; Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung (2017): A civil society briefing on Geoengineering. Climate change, smoke and mirrors

ETC Group; Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung (2017): A civil society briefing on Geoengineering. Climate change, smoke and mirrors.

"This briefing, prepared by ETC Group and Heinrich Böll Foundation in advance of the UNFCCC intersessional meetings in Bonn, May 2017, gives an overview of what geoengineering is and why it is dangerous, as well as up-to-date information on proposed geoengineering technologies and governance."

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07.05.2017

# Political Papers

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Honegger, Matthias; et al. (2017): Climate change, negative emissions and solar radiation management: It is time for an open societal conversation

Honegger, Matthias; Münch, Steffen; Hirsch, Annette; Beuttler, Christoph; Peter, Thomas; Burns, Wil et al. (2017): Climate change, negative emissions and solar radiation management: It is time for an open societal conversation. Risk-Dialogue Foundation St.Gallen; Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (White Paper).

"An open societal conversation needs to address the emerging topic of climate engineering. The possibility of novel approaches to limit climate risk is increasingly discussed among researchers and carries important social, environmental, and ethical implications and risks. Tough questions on governance, protection against misuse, costs, benefits and risks of both climate change and climate engineering demand an open conversation in order to build a robust basis for reasoned and democratic decisions in Switzerland and indeed the whole world."

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29.04.2017

# Political Papers

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GDAE (2017): Hope Below Our Feet. Soil as a Climate Solution

GDAE (2017): Hope Below Our Feet. Soil as a Climate Solution. With assistance of Anne-Marie Codur, Seth Itzkan, William Moomaw, Karl Thidemann, Jonathan Harris. Global Development and Environment Institute (Climate Policy Briefing, 4).

"Soils hold about three times more carbon than the atmosphere, and an increase in soil carbon content worldwide could close the “emissions gap” between carbon dioxide reductions pledged at the Paris Agreement of 2015 and those deemed necessary to limit warming to 2oC or less by 2100. To meet this challenge, several international efforts to build soil carbon have been launched, with similar measures underway in the United States."

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