23.10.2017

# Media

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The Hindu: It’s time to make deep emission cuts

"The prospect of limiting global warming through ‘negative emissions’ is bleak"

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11.10.2017

# Media

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Reuters: Carbon-sucking technology needed by 2030s, scientists warn

"As efforts to cut planet-warming emissions fall short, large-scale projects to suck carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere will be needed by the 2030s to hold the line against climate change, scientists said on Tuesday. Many new technologies that aim to capture and store carbon emissions, thereby delivering "negative emissions", are costly, controversial and in the early phase of testing."

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10.10.2017

# Political Papers

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La Plaza, Coraina de; et al. (2017): The risks of large-scale biosequestration in the context of Carbon Dioxide Removal

La Plaza, Coraina de; Munnion, Oliver; Fischer, Simon; Lovera, Simone (2017): The risks of large-scale biosequestration in the context of Carbon Dioxide Removal. Global Forest Coalition; Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung.

"The paper will describe existing trends in the field of large-scale biosequestration, and how current climate finance for biosequestration is geared towards industrial monoculture tree plantations, owing to global governance structures and a growing emphasis on private sector involvement. As such, biosequestration approaches that have significant negative rather than positive impacts are being prioritised. The potential risks and impacts of these CDR approaches on biodiversity, hydrological flows, land degradation, agrochemical contamination, albedo effects and the Earth System, and social impacts like elite resource capture, land grabbing, rural (un)employment, and gender-specific impacts, are described."

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03.10.2017

# Political Papers

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New Carbon Economy Consortium (2017): Building Research Programs to Support 21st Century Economic Opportunity

New Carbon Economy Consortium (2017): Building Research Programs to Support 21st Century Economic Opportunity. Arizona State University. Tempe.

"Now is the time to map paths to the breakthrough research programs and forward-looking university-business partnerships that will serve as the hubs for this new carbon economy. This is an economy in which low-carbon industry and primary energy production are joined by industrial centers, agricultural regions and food-producing ecosystems that turn excess CO2 into consumer goods, fuels, building materials and fertile soil. With deliberate but ambitious planning, the United States and collaborators in other countries can develop the knowledge, technologies and human capital to catalyze the new carbon economy by 2040."

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03.10.2017

# New Publications

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Hanak, Dawid P.; et al. (2017): High-efficiency negative-carbon emission power generation from integrated solid-oxide fuel cell and calciner

Hanak, Dawid P.; Jenkins, Barrie G.; Kruger, Tim; Manovic, Vasilije (2017): High-efficiency negative-carbon emission power generation from integrated solid-oxide fuel cell and calciner. In Applied Energy 205, pp. 1189–1201. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.08.090.

"This study assessed the techno-economic feasibility of a process for simultaneous power generation and CO2 removal from the air using solid sorbents. The process uses a solid-oxide fuel cell to convert the chemical energy of fuel to electricity and high-grade heat, the latter of which can be utilised to calcine a carbonate material that, in turn, can remove CO2 from the air."

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02.10.2017

# Media

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Fern: Energy Union Governance Regulation: Europe’s opportunity to set a negative emissions target

"This must include targets to generate negative emissions by restoring Europe’s forests, the cheapest and most readily available tool we have. Discussions in the European Parliament’s Environment and Energy Committees – which are leading the drafting of the Parliament’s position on the Regulation – have been promising. Parties from across the political spectrum including the centre-right European Peoples’ Party (EPP), the centrist Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), and the centre-left Socialists and Democrats party (S&D) have put forward language around a long-term target to increase the EU’s forests. "

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22.09.2017

# New Publications

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Burns, Wil; Nicholson, Simon (2017): Bioenergy and carbon capture with storage (BECCS). The prospects and challenges of an emerging climate policy response

Burns, Wil; Nicholson, Simon (2017): Bioenergy and carbon capture with storage (BECCS). The prospects and challenges of an emerging climate policy response. In J Environ Stud Sci 15 (2), p. 1360. DOI: 10.1007/s13412-017-0445-6.

"There is increasing impetus for large-scale deployment of carbon dioxide removal geoengineering approaches to help keep temperatures to below 2 °C, as provided for under the Paris Agreement. The primary option that has been discussed to date is Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). While BECCS could sequester very large amounts of carbon dioxide, it also poses substantial socio-economic risks to society, as well as threats to biodiversity. This essay suggests that a human rights-based approach can help to protect the interests of those who might be adversely impacted by BECCS deployment."

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17.09.2017

# Media

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Euractiv: Parliament adds forest ‘sinks’ to EU’s 2030 carbon budget

"MEPs approved new rules on Wednesday (13 September) accounting for the “negative emissions” from forestry as part of the EU’s 2030 climate change policy, a move welcomed by conservationists but which scientists warn risks creating incentives to burn cheap biomass. The EU has a target to cut emissions by 40% by 2030 (compared to 1990 levels), and forests are part of the plan to achieve this. In the EU, forests currently grow more than they are harvested. As a result, they act as a net “sink” for carbon dioxide, removing more than 400 Mt CO2 from the atmosphere annually, equivalent to 10% of total greenhouse gas emissions."

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04.09.2017

# Media

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Australien National University: Biofuel breakthroughs bring ‘negative emissions’ a step closer

"The use of biofuels helps reduce human greenhouse gas emissions. That’s one reason why some petroleum companies offer petrol containing up to 10% ethanol (a biofuel). But if we are to have any real chance of avoiding catastrophic climate change, it is not enough to reduce our emissions; we must put the process into reverse. We must aim for “negative emissions”. This means removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and ideally returning to pre-industrial atmospheric CO₂ levels. This is a daunting task: the present atmospheric concentration is 410 parts per million (ppm), compared with around 280ppm before the Industrial Revolution."

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31.08.2017

# Media

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Phys.org: Biofuel breakthroughs bring 'negative emissions' a step closer

"We must aim for "negative emissions". This means removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and ideally returning to pre-industrial atmospheric CO₂ levels. This is a daunting task: the present atmospheric concentration is 410 parts per million (ppm), compared with around 280ppm before the Industrial Revolution. Intriguingly, recent breakthroughs (see below) in biofuel research have brought this prospect a step closer. To understand why, we must first know a little about biofuel production."

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