04.06.2018

# Media

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Physics World: What’s the outlook for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage?

"Simply ramping up the deployment of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) may not be enough to guarantee an acceleration in meeting climate targets. Analysis based on a complex set of Earth system models shows that achieving net negative carbon dioxide emissions is also strongly linked to the geographical location of bio-energy feedstock. The study draws attention to the importance of maintaining tropical forests and their vital role as carbon sinks. Allowing deforestation in the tropics to facilitate large-scale BECCS appears to tip the balance towards higher atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide near the end of the century."

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22.05.2018

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Business Green: 'Hugely exciting': Drax to test carbon capture technology at North Yorkshire biomass plant

"In a major boost for both CO2 capture development and hopes that a negative emissions industry could one day play a key role in a net zero emission economy, the energy firm said it was partnering with C-Capture - a spin out from the University of Leeds - to invest £400,000 in "what could be the first of several pilot projects" at Drax to deliver "rapid, low cost demonstration of BECCS" (bioenergy CCS)."

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22.05.2018

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Carbon Brief: Analysis: How ‘natural climate solutions’ can reduce the need for BECCS

"To limit global warming in 2100 to below 1.5C above pre-industrial levels, many scientists assume that the large-scale use of negative emissions in the latter half of the 21st century will be needed. Negative emissions “suck” CO2 out of the atmosphere, allowing a more gradual reduction of emissions in the near-term."

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19.05.2018

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Geoengineering Monitor: Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS)

"BECCS describes capturing CO2 from bioenergy applications and sequestering it through either Carbon Capture and Storage or Carbon Capture, Use and Storage. BECCS is considered “carbon negative” because bioenergy is wrongly considered “carbon neutral” based on the idea that plants will regrow to fix the carbon that has been emitted."

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27.04.2018

# New Publications

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Fajardy, Mathilde; Mac Dowell, Niall (2018): The energy return on investment of BECCS. Is BECCS a threat to energy security?

Fajardy, Mathilde; Mac Dowell, Niall (2018): The energy return on investment of BECCS. Is BECCS a threat to energy security? In Energy Environ. Sci. 40, p. 401. DOI: 10.1039/C7EE03610H.

"In this contribution, we evaluate the energy return on investment (EROI) of an archetypal BECCS facility. In order to highlight the importance of biomass sourcing, two feedstock scenarios are considered: use of domestic biomass pellets (UK) and import of biomass pellets from Louisiana, USA. We use the Modelling and Optimisation of Negative Emissions Technologies (MONET) framework to explicitly account for growing, pre-treating, transporting and converting the feedstock in a 500 MW BECCS facility. As an example, we illustrate how the net electricity balance (NElB) of a UK-based BECCS facility can be either positive or negative, as a function of supply chain decisions."

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24.04.2018

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phys.org: Carbon capture could be a financial opportunity for US biofuels

"There's really no scenario that meets the world's climate goals without negative emissions," said Katharine Mach, a senior research scientist at Stanford's School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. "But most technologies for carbon removal are immature, largely unavailable or expensive."

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16.04.2018

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Algea Industry Magazine: Algae with Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage

"The University of Hawaii at Hilo announced that in affiliation with Duke and Cornell Universities, researchers have authored a study that suggests making croplands more efficient through algae production could unlock an important negative emission technology to combat climate change. Their research, “Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS) Increases Sustainability,” is funded by a U.S. Department of Energy award and was recently published in the journal Earth’s Future."

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16.04.2018

# New Publications

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Séférian, Roland; et al. (2018): Constraints on biomass energy deployment in mitigation pathways. The case of water scarcity

Séférian, Roland; Rocher, Matthias; Guivarch, Celine; Colin, Jeanne (2018): Constraints on biomass energy deployment in mitigation pathways. The case of water scarcity. In Environ. Res. Lett. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aabcd7.

"Here, we assess climate constraints relative to water scarcity in response to the global deployment of BECCS. To this end, we confront results from an Earth system model (ESM) and an Integrated assessment model (IAM) under an array of 25 stringent mitigation pathways. These pathways are compatible with the Paris Agreement long-term temperature goal and with cumulative carbon emissions ranging from 230 Pg C and 300 Pg C from January 1st onwards. "

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15.04.2018

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Carbon Brief: World can limit global warming to 1.5C ‘without BECCS’

"It is possible to limit warming to 1.5C above pre-industrial temperatures without using negative emissions from bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), new research says."

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09.04.2018

# New Publications

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Winning, Matthew; et al. (2018): How Low Can We Go? The Implications of Delayed Ratcheting and Negative Emissions Technologies on Achieving Well Below 2 °C

Winning, Matthew; Pye, Steve; Glynn, James; Scamman, Daniel; Welsby, Daniel (2018): How Low Can We Go? The Implications of Delayed Ratcheting and Negative Emissions Technologies on Achieving Well Below 2 °C. In George Giannakidis, Kenneth Karlsson, Maryse Labriet, Brian Ó. Gallachóir (Eds.): Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2 °C. Energy System Modelling and Policy Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 51–65.

"In this chapter, we consider the impacts of delaying ratcheting until 2030 on global emissions trajectories towards 2 °C and 1.5 °C, and the role of offsets via negative emissions technologies (NETs). The analysis suggests that delaying action makes pursuing the 1.5 °C goal especially difficult without extremely high levels of negative emissions technologies (NETs), such as carbon capture and storage combined with bioenergy (BECCS). Depending on the availability of biomass, other NETs beyond BECCS will be required. Policymakers must also realise that the outlook for fossil fuels are closely linked to the prospects for NETs."

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