13.02.2017

# Media

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Nature: Arctic 2.0: What happens after all the ice goes?

"Researchers look into the future of the far North for clues to save species and maybe even bring back sea ice."

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11.02.2017

# Political Papers

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Bollen, Johannes; Aalbers, Rob (2017): Biomass-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage Should Be Used Immediately

Bollen, Johannes; Aalbers, Rob (2017): Biomass-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage Should Be Used Immediately. CPB Netherlands Beureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB Policy Brief, 2017/02).

"The European Union aims at reducing its greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 by 80-95% in order to prevent climate change. In this Policy Brief we analyse the potential role of negative-emissions technology in reducing these emissions."

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11.02.2017

# New Publications

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Quaas, Martin F.; et al. (2017): Are there reasons against open-ended research into solar radiation management? A model of intergenerational decision-making under uncertainty

Quaas, Martin F.; Quaas, Johannes; Rickels, Wilfried; Boucher, Olivier (2017): Are there reasons against open-ended research into solar radiation management? A model of intergenerational decision-making under uncertainty. In Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2017.02.002.

"We propose a stylized model of intergenerational decision making on SRM research, greenhouse-gas abatement and SRM deployment, under uncertainties about (a) the extent of future climate damage and (b) effectiveness and potential harmful side-effects of SRM. Open-ended research may reveal either that SRM effectively reduces climate damage, or that it would cause more harm than benefits. We find that SRM research increases the likelihood of deployment (“slippery slope”), and derive conditions that it decreases abatement effort in expectation (“moral hazard”)."

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10.02.2017

# New Publications

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Altvater, Elmar (2016): The Capitalocene, or, Geoengineering against Capitalism’s Planetary Boundaries

Altvater, Elmar (2016): The Capitalocene, or, Geoengineering against Capitalism’s Planetary Boundaries. In Jason W. Moore (Ed.): Anthropocene or Capitalocene? Nature, history, and the crisis of capitalism. Oakland, CA: PM Press (Kairos), pp. 138–152.

"Today’s great questions are about how capitalism works through, and actively creates, planetary nature."

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09.02.2017

# New Publications

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Reynolds, Jesse (2016): Solar Climate Engineering, Law, and Regulation

Reynolds, Jesse (2016): Solar Climate Engineering, Law, and Regulation. In Roger Brownsword, Eloise Scotford, Karen Yeung (Eds.): The Oxford handbook of the law and regulation of technology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

"This chapter offers an introduction to solar climate engineering, and explores its potential, risks, and legal and regulatory challenges. It also contextualizes these proposals with respect to other emerging technologies and the broader socio-political milieu. The chapter discusses the contours of existing and potential regulation, particularly at the international level. These aspects include regulatory rationales, diverse characteristics of proposed regulatory regimes, difficulties in defining the regulatory target, and the management of uncertainty through precaution."

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09.02.2017

# New Publications

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Mathias, Jean-Denis; et al. (2017): On our rapidly shrinking capacity to comply with the planetary boundaries on climate change

Mathias, Jean-Denis; Anderies, John M.; Janssen, Marco A. (2017): On our rapidly shrinking capacity to comply with the planetary boundaries on climate change. In Scientific reports 7, p. 42061. DOI: 10.1038/srep42061.

"Here, we use the DICE model to analyze the set of adaptive climate policies that comply with the two planetary boundaries related to climate change: (1) staying below a CO2 concentration of 550 ppm until 2100 and (2) returning to 350 ppm in 2100. Our results enable decision makers to assess the following milestones: (1) a minimum of 33% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2055 in order to stay below 550 ppm by 2100 (this milestone goes up to 46% in the case of delayed policies); and (2) carbon neutrality and the effective implementation of innovative geoengineering technologies (10% negative emissions) before 2060 in order to return to 350 ppm in 2100, under the assumption of getting out of the baseline scenario without delay."

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09.02.2017

# Political Papers

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POST (2017): Greenhouse Gas Removal

POST (2017): Greenhouse Gas Removal. UK Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POSTnotes, 549).

"The 2015 Paris Agreement called for a balance between sources of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and their removal by 2100 to halt global temperature rise. This POSTnote explains why Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) techniques may be required to achieve this goal, outlines the benefits of and concerns about them, and considers policy options."

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09.02.2017

# Media

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Inverse: Super Basic Power Plants Build Mussels

"To geochemist Greg Rau, the future looks like a seaside power plant. More specifically, it looks like a biomass combustion plant that’s actually carbon-negative because the CO2 emissions are dissolved and captured in a mix of seawater and alkaline minerals through a process called chemical weathering. Why does Rau want to see that plant erected, perhaps along the coast near UC Santa Cruz, where he works? Because he believes that energy generation can solve the problems created by energy generation. He believes that this is how you begin to turn back 150 years of carbon dioxide emissions before sea level rise engulfs the landscape and would-be power plant operators have to look for new real estate."

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09.02.2017

# New Publications

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Asayama, Shinichiro; et al. (2017): Ambivalent climate of opinions. Tensions and dilemmas in understanding geoengineering experimentation

Asayama, Shinichiro; Sugiyama, Masahiro; Ishii, Atsushi (2017): Ambivalent climate of opinions. Tensions and dilemmas in understanding geoengineering experimentation. In Geoforum 80, pp. 82–92. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2017.01.012.

"This paper examines how the meanings of geoengineering experimentation, specifically SAI field trials, are reconfigured in the deliberation of the lay public. To this end, we conducted focus groups with Japanese citizens in June 2015 on the geoengineering concept and SAI field trials."

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09.02.2017

# Political Papers

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Fischer, Severin (2017): Climate Policy After Paris: Inconvenient Truths

Fischer, Severin (2017): Climate Policy After Paris: Inconvenient Truths. Edited by Christian Nünlist (CSS Analyses in Security Policy, 203).

"The Paris Agreement of December 2015 fundamentally realigned the structures of international climate policy. At the same time, global targets and national measures are diverging. One direct implication is the need to consider new technology options."

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